By M. Hakan Yavuz
In 2002 the Islamist Justice and improvement celebration (AKP) swept to strength in Turkey. seeing that then it has shied clear of a hard-line ideological stance in favour of a extra conservative and democratic process. M. Hakan Yavuz negotiates this ambivalence asking if it is attainable for a political celebration with a deeply spiritual ideology to liberalise and entertain democracy or no matter if, as he contends, radical spiritual teams reasonable their practices and ideologies while pressured to barter a aggressive and rule-based political process. the writer explores the thesis via an research of the increase and evolution of the AKP and its more moderen 2007 election victory. The ebook, which tackles a couple of vital matters together with political participation, economics and inner defense, offers a masterful survey of recent Turkish and Islamic politics, with a purpose to be of curiosity to a extensive variety of readers from scholars to execs and policymakers.
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Extra resources for Secularism and Muslim Democracy in Turkey
Erdoğan, “Türkiye’nin İmkanları ve Kaynaklarıyla Türkiye’yi kaldıracaĝız, April 1, 2003”, in Konuşmalar (Ankara: AK Party, 2004), p. 130. The governing party (AKP)’s platform is about “reform” and “change” in terms of a privatization and a decentralization that treat citizens as consumers and customers. Erdoğan argues that “Kitapta ne yazıyorsa o. Bunun dışına asla çıkmayacaksınız; hayır çıkacaksınız. Onun için tüccar siyaset diyoruz. ’’ See also Erdoğan’s speech, “Diyarbakir’a Giden Neden Erzurum’a Rize’ye Gitmiyor,” Yeni Şafak, December 25, 2004.
In order to confront the decline of the state, the Sultan – with the inherent legitimacy of the kanun – issued the Tanzimat (Reform) Edicts, a series of legal acts to restructure the state and its relations with society. The Tanzimat era (1830–1860) sought to modernize the state and society through centralization, to improve administrative participation by stressing the role of education and to develop a new value-structure by reforming the existing one. The challenges on both the war front and within Ottoman society encouraged officials to reform the bureaucracy, education and legal systems, and to create a new sense of Ottoman identity.
30 Secularism and Muslim Democracy in Turkey “self-oriented” issues. Economics, not politics, has come to determine the orientation of Turkish society. 37 Neo-liberalism means privatization, decentralization and citizen participation. Privatization assumes that state enterprises are rendered ineffective by the lack of information and of incentives that can be provided only by the market; thus, privatization becomes the goal for economic efficiency. Decentralization is presented as the democratization of governance and as public accountability to the electorate at the local level.
Secularism and Muslim Democracy in Turkey by M. Hakan Yavuz