Download e-book for kindle: Discourse Particles: Descriptive and Theoretical by Werner Abraham

By Werner Abraham

ISBN-10: 9027250227

ISBN-13: 9789027250223

This ebook is set debris within the narrower feel of the notice in place of the wider that means protecting all uninflected phrases of a language. within the narrower which means of the linguistic time period debris might be unusual among logical, or scalar debris and modal, or pragmatic debris. The semantic, pragmatic and syntactic houses of modal debris fluctuate significantly from these of the scalar debris, at the one hand, and their homonymic opposite numbers functioning in several syntactic different types, nonetheless. The contributions to this quantity supply the most recent learn at the semantic, pragmatic and syntactic homes of debris within the English and German language.

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Additional info for Discourse Particles: Descriptive and Theoretical Investigations on the Logical, Syntactic and Pragmatic Properties of Discourse Particles in German

Example text

Sh. IV) But thus, I trust, you will not marry her. — Good sooth, even thus, therefore ha'done with words. (Sh. ) This use is marginal in Modern English and only preserved in the col­ location even as 'just at the moment when'. From the 16th century onwards, even came to be used as a focus particle in the sense of G. sogar, selbst or F. même. e. as an ad­ ditive and scalar particle, which furthermore evaluates its focus value as maximal for the propositional schema in question. According to a widely quoted analysis by F.

Unlike soon ox presently in English, bien­ tôt in French, or gleich in German, however, which have all been shifted forward in their temporal reference, gerade and eben have primarily extended their reference to the immediate past: (46) Fritz ist gerade/eben weggegangen. T . ' Reference to the future, often combined with the idea of short dura­ tion, is however possible (cf. also D. even): (47) a. b. Ich gehe eben (mal) einkaufen. ' D. Wacht even. ' The second term of the relation of temporal identity does not always have to be supplied by the moment of utterance or an immediate en­ vironment thereof.

Klappenbach & Steinitz give 'simultaneity' as first entry both for the adverb gerade and the adverbial eben. What needs to be added to this description, however, is a specification of the arguments that enter into this relation of identity. One of the arguments is, of course, supplied by the process, event or state denoted by the clause containing the adverb. The other argument is typically supplied by the moment of utterance in present tense con­ texts. Examples like the following are thus evaluated at the moment of utterance and by extension also in an environment around this point in time: (45) a.

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Discourse Particles: Descriptive and Theoretical Investigations on the Logical, Syntactic and Pragmatic Properties of Discourse Particles in German by Werner Abraham


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