By Marianne W. Jorgensen, Louise J. Phillips
A scientific creation to discourse research as a physique of theories and strategies for social study. Introduces 3 ways and explains the particular philosophical premises and theoretical views of every procedure. Softcover on hand.
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Extra info for Discourse Analysis as Theory and Method
Laclau and Mouffe’s discourse theoretical approach does not distinguish between discursive and non-discursive dimensions of the social – practices are viewed as exclusively discursive. That does not mean that nothing but text and talk exist, but, on the contrary, that discourse itself is material and that entities such as the economy, the infrastructure and institutions are also parts of discourse. Thus, in Laclau and Mouffe’s discourse theory there is no dialectical interaction between discourse and something else: discourse itself is fully constitutive of our world.
The discourse can never be so completely fixed that it cannot be undermined and changed by the multiplicity of meaning in the field of discursivity. For instance, in the discourse of Western medicine, the inroads made by acupuncture have led to the modification of the dominant medical understanding of the body in order to accommodate ‘networks of energy’. In Laclau and Mouffe’s terms, ‘the body’ is an element as there are several competing ways of understanding it. In the dominant Western medical discourse, the body can be reduced to a moment by being defined in a specific and unambiguous way, and in the discourse of alternative treatment, the body can correspondingly be defined unambiguously – but in a different way from in the medical discourse.
A nodal point is a privileged sign around which the other signs are ordered; the other signs acquire their meaning from their relationship to the nodal point. In medical discourses, for example, ‘the body’ is a nodal point around which many other meanings are crystallised. Signs such as ‘symptoms’, ‘tissue’ and ‘scalpel’ acquire their meaning by being related to ‘the body’ in particular ways. A nodal point in political discourses is ‘democracy’ and in national discourses a nodal point is ‘the people’.
Discourse Analysis as Theory and Method by Marianne W. Jorgensen, Louise J. Phillips