By Professor Thad Dunning
This e-book demanding situations the traditional knowledge that normal source wealth promotes autocracy. Oil and other kinds of mineral wealth can advertise either authoritarianism and democracy, the publication argues, yet they accomplish that via varied mechanisms; an knowing of those diverse mechanisms will help elucidate whilst both the authoritarian or democratic results of source wealth could be really robust. Exploiting game-theoretic instruments and statistical modeling in addition to unique state case reviews and drawing on fieldwork in Latin the United States and Africa, this ebook builds and exams a thought that explains political version throughout resource-rich states. it will likely be learn through students learning the political results of normal source wealth in lots of areas, in addition to through these drawn to the emergence and patience of democratic regimes.
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Extra resources for Crude Democracy: Natural Resource Wealth and Political Regimes
Similarly, in country A rents may well limit redistributive taxation. Thus, both the “democratic” and the “authoritarian” effects of rents may be at work in both countries. It is simply argued here that the “democratic” effect will be more important in country B than in country A; this is because the indirect redistributive costs of continuing to live under democracy are substantially more important for shaping elite incentives in the former than the latter. In other words, when elites weigh the resource-induced beneﬁts of a coup against the costs, they place relatively greater weight on the improvement to their payoff under democracy that stems from the mitigation of redistributive conﬂict.
See Chapter Three for further discussion. As I emphasized earlier and discuss later, these considerations may also be germane to understanding the incentives elites in an authoritarian regime who are considering democratization as a possible response to mobilization from below. 15 P1: KPB Head margin: 1/2 CUUS333-BOOK cuus333-dunning Gutter margin: 3/4 978 0 521 51500 9 July 26, 2008 12:1 Crude Democracy democratic and authoritarian effects of resource wealth. As a ﬁrst step in explaining variation, it is useful to consider what variables might inﬂuence the relative importance of these opposed effects.
Elites may then weigh the beneﬁts of repression against both its costs and the anticipated costs of democracy. Again, the effects of resources on democracy’s costs may cut in two directions: living under democracy in a resource-rich country implies an opportunity cost to the rich, because controlling the state entails greater control over the distribution and consumption of the rents, yet resource rents may also mitigate the current and future redistributive costs of democracy. Thus the argument sketched earlier is germane to an evaluation of elites’ incentives to democratize under an existing authoritarian regime as well.
Crude Democracy: Natural Resource Wealth and Political Regimes by Professor Thad Dunning