By Norman Frohlich
This publication provides a completely new resolution to the query: "What is fair?" of their radical method of ethics, Frohlich and Oppenheimer argue that a lot of the empirical method of the usual sciences will be utilized to the moral questions of equity and justice.
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Additional info for Choosing Justice: An Experimental Approach to Ethical Theory (California Series on Social Choice & Political Economy)
The reader should note that the results reported for this variation of the experiment are not congruent with this interpretation of Tversky and Kahneman's hypothesis. A second interpretation of their argument would be that giving subjects a credit of $40 should lead them to increase risk taking to avoid a loss in the second part of the experiment. Hence it could favor the choice of maximum income. < previous page page_45 If you like this book, buy it! next page > < previous page page_46 next page > Page 46 other variants of the experiment.
They are ''presumed to know the general facts about human society. They understand political affairs and the principles of economic theory; they know the basis of social organization and the laws of human psychology" (Rawls 1971, p. 137). Alas, given the current state of knowledge in the social and behavioral sciences, it is absolutely safe to assert that there is no consensus on those laws and principles. Nor can there be any assurance that, even were a consensus to exist, those laws would point in a single "correct" direction.
Next page > < previous page page_26 next page > Page 26 Our general procedure for answering such questions has been sketched. In the laboratory, we approximate conditions of impartial reasoning and ask individuals to decide on a principle for dividing payoffs. They lack knowledge regarding which share they will receive. Their ignorance is intended to induce impartial reasoning, and it is hoped that they will choose a principle from that vantage point. This notion lies at the heart of justice-as-fair-division arguments.
Choosing Justice: An Experimental Approach to Ethical Theory (California Series on Social Choice & Political Economy) by Norman Frohlich