By Carmen Giunta
content material: Centuries of atomic thought: an summary --
Atomism ahead of Dalton --
one hundred fifty years of natural buildings --
The atomic debates revisited --
Atoms are divisible: the items have items --
Eyes to determine: actual proof for atoms --
Rediscovering atoms: an atomic travelogue.
By Richard B. McKenzie
Why Popcorn bills quite a bit on the videos, And different Pricing Puzzles unravels the pricing mysteries we come across each day.
Have you ever puzzled why all video clips, even if blockbusters or duds, have an identical price tag prices?
Why occasionally there are unfastened lunches?
Why such a lot of costs finish with "9"?
Why ink cartridges can fee up to printers?
Why retailers supply revenues, coupons, and rebates?
Why lengthy traces are strong for shoppers?
Why males earn greater than ladies, around the world – and why they regularly will?
Richard McKenzie is going directly to convey how the Sept. 11 terrorists nonetheless kill american citizens on a daily basis, simply because their assault distorted the perceived hazards and relative costs of air vs. vehicle commute, and jacked up either protection bills and flight delays. Professor McKenzie additionally explores the accidental results of well-meaning efforts to spur using environmentally pleasant fuels: hunger between hundreds of thousands of individuals all over the world, and the destruction of rainforests in Malaysia and Indonesia.
How can this stuff be? when you imagine you recognize the solutions, re-evaluate. Why Popcorn charges lots on the videos, And different Pricing Puzzles indicates you that the true purposes are subtle and marvelous – and in Professor McKenzie’s fingers, either informative and entertaining.
You won’t desire a measure in economics to take pleasure in this interesting e-book, simply an armchair and an inquiring mind.
"This is without doubt one of the absolute best books on pricing. when you are seeking to comprehend the economics of the realm round you, you are able to do no greater than to begin here."
Tyler Cowen, George Mason collage; economics blogger of "www.marginalrevolution.com"
"Truly releasing. utilizing a sequence of attention-grabbing enigmas we’ve all encountered in our day-by-day lives, Richard McKenzie finds how the true monetary global works. hugely readable. terribly enlightening."
W. Michael Cox, senior vp and leader economist on the Federal Reserve financial institution of Dallas
"Anything we expect approximately on a daily basis is necessary. And who is going an afternoon with no brooding about costs? yet costs are extra very important than most folk become aware of. while you are attracted to lowering pollutants from vehicles, or no longer being fooled into paying an excessive amount of, or too little, for items, or in exactly getting the simplest deal on popcorn on the videos, you'll make the most of realizing extra approximately costs than most folks do. and there's no more uncomplicated, or pleasing, approach of checking out extra on how and why costs are vital than through analyzing McKenzie's attention-grabbing ebook Why Popcorn charges quite a bit on the video clips, And different Pricing Puzzles. And are humans quite fooled by way of all these costs that lead to ninety nine cents? you can be surprised."
Dwight Lee, college of Georgia
By Paul Betts, Stephen A. Smith
Religion and technological know-how have been primary elements of jap ecu communist political tradition from the very starting, and remained in uneasy stress around the quarter over the many years. whereas either themes have lengthy attracted loads of scholarly realization, they virtually continually were studied discretely as separate tales. Religion, technology and Communism in chilly battle Europe is the 1st scholarly attempt to discover the fragile interface of faith, technology and communism in chilly struggle Europe. It brings jointly a world group of researchers who handle this courting from a few nationwide viewpoints and thematic views, starting from mysticism to social technology, house exploration to the socialist lifecycle, and architectural history to popular culture.
By Sue V. Rosser
Why are there so few ladies in technological know-how? In Breaking into the Lab, Sue Rosser makes use of the reports of profitable ladies scientists and engineers to reply to the query of why elite associations have so few ladies scientists and engineers tenured on their schools. ladies are hugely certified, inspired scholars, and but they've got enormously greater charges of attrition, and they're shying clear of the fields with the maximum call for for employees and the most important monetary payoffs, resembling engineering, machine sciences, and the actual sciences. Rosser exhibits that those carrying on with traits aren't only... Read more...
By Gee-wah Ng
Mind and brain remain an issue of large clinical curiosity. With the new advances in measuring tools similar to two-photon laser scanning microscopy and fMRI, the neuronal connectivity and circuitry of ways the brain's a number of areas are hierarchically interconnected and arranged are higher understood now than ever ahead of. by means of opposite engineering the mind, desktop scientists wish to construct cognitively clever platforms that might revolutionize the substitute intelligence paradigm. Brain-Mind equipment offers a walkthrough to the area of brain-inspired computing and mind-related questions. Bringing jointly varied viewpoints and services from multidisciplinary groups, the e-book explores the human quest to construct a pondering laptop with human-like services. Readers will collect a first-hand knowing of the mind and brain mechanisms and machineries, in addition to how a lot we've advanced in and the way a ways we're from construction a very common clever process just like the human mind. Contents: The mind: the heart of appeal; Neurons and Synapses: the major to reminiscence and studying; The Cortex structure: The construction Block of Intelligence; Many Faces of stories -- Investigating the Human a number of reminiscence structures; studying Like a Human: How Does studying happen in Our Brain?; Emotion and Cognition; Laminar Computing; Probabilistic Computing: The Bayesian brain; considering desktop: better Theories of mind and common-sense wisdom iteration; Modeling the full mind: Biologically encouraged Cognitive Architectures; Are We There? What Can the pc Do this day and Tomorrow?; mind -- A woodland now not absolutely Explored: What are a number of the Issues?; knowing the mind to construct clever platforms; Conclusions -- The brain That issues.
By H.T. Banks, H.T. Tran
"Through a number of case research difficulties from commercial and medical study laboratory functions, Mathematical and Experimental Modeling of actual and organic methods presents scholars with a basic figuring out of ways arithmetic is utilized to difficulties in technology and engineering. for every case learn challenge, the authors talk about why a version is required and what ambitions may be accomplished with the model." "Exploring what arithmetic can show approximately functions, the booklet makes a speciality of the layout of acceptable experiments to validate the improvement of mathematical versions. It publications scholars throughout the modeling technique, from empirical observations and formalization of homes to version research and interpretation of effects. The authors additionally describe the and software program instruments used to layout the experiments so faculty/students can replica them." "Integrating real-world functions into the conventional arithmetic curriculum, this textbook offers with the formula and research of mathematical types in technological know-how and engineering. It provides scholars an appreciation of using arithmetic and encourages them to additional examine the utilized topics."--Jacket. Read more...
By William A. Dembski
How will we establish occasions as a result of clever explanations and distinguish them from occasions because of undirected common factors? If we lack a causal concept how will we confirm no matter if an clever reason acted? This e-book provides a competent technique for detecting clever explanations: the layout inference. The layout inference uncovers clever factors via keeping apart the main trademark of clever reasons: specific occasions of small likelihood. layout inferences are available in a number medical ambitions from forensic technological know-how to analyze into the origins of lifestyles to the quest for extraterrestrial intelligence. This demanding and provocative publication should be learn with specific curiosity by means of philosophers of technology and faith, different philosophers keen on epistemology and common sense, chance and complexity theorists, and statisticians.
By I. Bernard Cohen
Consulting and amassing numbers has been a characteristic of human affairs considering antiquity-from the pyramids to tax assortment to go counts for army service-but now not till the clinical Revolution within the 17th century did social numbers akin to births, deaths and marriages start to be analysed. The Triumph of Numbers explores how numbers have come to imagine a number one function in technology, within the operations and constitution of presidency, within the research of society, in advertising and in lots of different features of lifestyle. The overdue I.B. Cohen exhibits how quantity difficulties of presidency, technology and engineering ended in the discovery of the pc. He shines a brand new mild on universal figures like Thomas Jefferson, Ben Franklin and Charles Dickens, and he finds Florence Nightingale as a passionate statistician. Cohen has left us with an attractive and obtainable background of numbers, and an appreciation and knowing of the fundamental nature of statistics.
By Richard A. Richards
There's long-standing war of words between systematists approximately tips to divide biodiversity into species. Over twenty varied species innovations are used to crew organisms, based on standards as assorted as morphological or molecular similarity, interbreeding and genealogical relationships. This, mixed with the results of evolutionary biology, increases the fear that both there's no unmarried form of species, or that species are usually not actual. This e-book surveys the background of brooding about species from Aristotle to fashionable systematics so that it will comprehend the starting place of the matter, and advocates an answer in response to the belief of the department of conceptual exertions, wherein species strategies functionality in numerous methods - theoretically and operationally. It additionally considers comparable issues equivalent to individuality and the metaphysics of evolution, and the way medical phrases get their which means. this significant addition to the present debate could be crucial for philosophers and historians of technology, and for biologists.
By Audrey T. Carpenter
John Theophilus Desaguliers made his mark at the eighteenth century in different different methods. He used to be an assistant to Sir Isaac Newton and later elucidated the tough suggestions of Newtonian physics in deepest lectures. He used to be a member of the Royal Society, and was once awarded with the Society's optimum honour, the Copley Medal, at the least thrice. He was once a pioneering engineer: the water provide of Edinburgh, the air flow of the homes of Parliament and the 1st Westminster Bridge all owed him a debt. In a distinct sphere, Desaguliers grew to become the 3rd Grand grasp of the Grand resort of the Freemasons which was once based in 1717. he's remembered world wide for his seminal effect in the course of these early days of Freemasonry. He additionally wrote poetry and had an influential circle of consumers, together with George I and Frederick, Prince of Wales (whom he initiated as a Mason at a specifically convened resort at Kew). This biography, in response to unique learn, describes a charismatic personality who was once a tremendous determine of his age.