Read e-book online Categorization in the History of English PDF

By Christian J. Kay (Ed.), Jeremy J. Smith (Ed.)

ISBN-10: 9027247757

ISBN-13: 9789027247759

The papers during this quantity are associated through a typical predicament, that's on the centre of present linguistic enquiry: how can we classify and categorize linguistic facts, and the way does this method upload to our figuring out of linguistic switch? The scene is decided by way of Aitchison’s paper at the improvement of linguistic categorization during the last few a long time, via Biggam’s severe evaluation of theoretical advancements in color semantics. Lexical class in motion is mentioned in papers via Fischer, Kay and Sylvester at the constructions of thesauruses, whereas precise remedies of specific semantic components are provided by way of Kleparski, Mikołajczuk, O’Hare and Peters. Papers by way of Lass, Laing and Williamson, and Smith are keen on the character of linguistic proof within the context of the ancient list, supplying new insights into textual content typology, scribal language and vowel type. a lot of the information mentioned is new and unique.

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Wierzbicka The answers to questions about the motivation for encoding colour categories may emerge from Anna Wierzbicka's concept of prototypes. She suggests that colour concepts are anchored in prototypes consisting of natural phenomena, rather than in Rosch's salient colour areas. Before considering her prototypes, it should be noted that she too, like Rosch, warned of imprecise terminology. In 1985, she included in her latest book a section entitled "The Many Senses of the Notion 'Prototype'".

30 . . BIGGAM night. Indeed, fire, in a minor way, turns night into day. To this society, the phrase 'like fire' could have indicated many vital concepts such as the heat, movement, destructive power, and appearance of fire. 'Fire appearance' obviously includes the concept of 'fire colour' although the latter may not have been a separable concept for some time. 19 The next two colour categories to be constructed present varying combinations of the following: yellow, green, grue, yellow+green, or yellow+grue (Kay & Maffi 1999:748).

For the second group of writers, elemental is a nearsynonym of unique in the context of colour: "Unique colors are also called elemental colors to suggest that all other non-unique colors are compounded of them" (Wooten & Miller 1997:75). My own usage is to employ 'elemental' to indicate the perceived purest sensations of the four primary hues, plus black and white. I do not use 'unique' unless referring to the usage of others. 6 "... the semantics of basic color terms in all languages directly reflect the existence of these pan-human neural response categories" (Kay & McDaniel 1978:621).

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Categorization in the History of English by Christian J. Kay (Ed.), Jeremy J. Smith (Ed.)

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