Case, Scope, and Binding by Maria Bittner (auth.) PDF

By Maria Bittner (auth.)

ISBN-10: 1402002955

ISBN-13: 9781402002953

ISBN-10: 9401114129

ISBN-13: 9789401114127

Case, Scope, and Binding investigates the relation among syntax and semantics inside of a framework which mixes the syntactic Government-Binding idea with a singular cross-linguistic idea of case and semantics. it really is argued that case task, contract, syntactic binding kinfolk, in addition to the minimal scopes of operators, are all decided by way of the relatives which carry on the point of s-structure. Cross-linguistic version with appreciate to those phenomena is because of corresponding adaptations on the s-structure point. The minimal scope of an operator can't exceed its c-command area at s-structure, yet will be diminished by way of yes semantic mechanisms. the supply of any wider scope alternative will depend on the potential of stream at LF. The proposed thought is demonstrated intimately opposed to the evidence of Inuit (Eskimo-Aleut family), an ergative language with typologically strange scope and binding family.
For linguists and philosophers attracted to syntax, semantics, or the syntax-semantics interface.

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The main claims can be summarized as follows. First, the s-structure is normally interpretable. As the default LF, it determines the minimum scopes--that is, all the scope options wbicb are either equal to or or narrower than the "default scope", which for any operator is its s-structure sister (section 6). Secondly, argument raising at LF may extend the scope of the raised argument subject to the familiar constraints on syntactic movement (ECP and SUBJACENCY). • no semantically acceptable ILF can be derived from it), this type of movement may also derive an interpretable syntactic representation (section 7).

B. jaun kyaa soctaa bai [ki meri-ne kisko J. -ERG whom Who does John think that Mary saw? ) ~. -ERG" IIIW)) lP,lP,2B J. '2 think is Ref. & 1. 2. 3. 4. S. '»] «I,T(W», T(W» " 6. Ap[3x(person'(x) 1\ p "see'(x)(m»] T(W) " 7. , ltaliaD, Warlp,jri). lDgS illustrated in (81)-(84). r wham. 34 Scope markiDg structures were fint noted by van Riemsdijk (1983) in lOme dialects of Germaa. Siace thea, they have also beea reponed for Romani (McDaaieI1989), Hiadi (Davisoa 1984, Mahajan 1990, Srivastav 1990, 1993b), Bugla (Bayer 1990) ud Iraqi Arabic (Wahba 1991).

6, 7. 8. 9. r,'),') , t {~} {XI} {XI,Pl} {XI,P2} '" Raising a quantified argument (bere. aruagaq arQlJsiq 'book one·) out of the complement of a propositional operator (-nirar 'say') leaves a trace which can be bound within that complement. The result is a predicate (Ref. 4) which is of the wrong logical type to be combined with the lexical translation of the propositional operator (Ref. S) by the default operation f (ct, definition (58». This type-mismatch permits the (TYPE-ADJUSTING) RULE T to type-lift the latter translation wilb a 1t -operator.

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