Download e-book for iPad: Before it’s Too Late: A Scientist’s Case for Nuclear Energy by Bernard L. Cohen (auth.)

By Bernard L. Cohen (auth.)

ISBN-10: 1468445774

ISBN-13: 9781468445770

ISBN-10: 1468445790

ISBN-13: 9781468445794

I was once now not invited to put in writing a foreword for this booklet. Dr. Cohen, understanding my busy time table, might have thought of this kind of request to be an imposition. I volunteered to take action partly to recognize my gratitude to him for having been a relentless resource of reference fabrics as i've got became my awareness more and more to informing either lay and medical audiences about the biologic results of low-level ionizing radiation. My fundamental reason behind vol­ unteering, although, is to indicate to the significance of this kind of e-book for public schooling at a time while the media, in collaboration with numerous activist teams, have built one of the humans a virtually phobic worry of radiation at any point. I take factor with the phrases of one other Nobel laureate, George Wald, who states on a regular basis "Every dose is an overdose. '" This philosophy has re­ sulted in ladies refusing mammography for the detection of breast melanoma even if this system is the main delicate for detection of such cancers within the early, curable level, or even even though, at this time, breast melanoma is the top reason for melanoma deaths between ladies. It has led a Westchester County, ny legislator to country proudly within the ny occasions that he v vi I FOREWORD had brought laws that may bar all radioactivity from the county's roads.

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The scientific consensus would ordinarily be near the center of this distribution. However, in the cases of health risks, there is a long-standing tradition of choosing risk estimates nearer to the maximum that is scientifically justifiable, as it is felt that it is better to overestimate a health risk than to underestimate it. " Shortly after his paper had drawn the tremendous publicity described above, I happened to be publishing a paper in the same journal27 which gave evidence that radiation is somewhat less dangerous than the accepted estimates.

37. use of a linear hypothesis based on the high-dose data, as shown by the dashed lines, grossly overestimates effects at low doses. 6. The best human data are for leukemia among the Japanese A-bomb survivors,38 shown in Fig. 6 with a straight line to the high-dose data. The low-dose points are well below the line and there is only a few percent probability that this much deviation can be produced by statistical fluctuation. 7. Data on the radium watch dial painters,58 shown in Fig. 7, indicate the same effect; again there is only a few percent probability that the deviations ofthe low-dose data from the straight line can be due to statistical fluctuations.

There was no mention of the fact that the father's total occupational radiation exposure was only 1300 mrem, less than half of his exposure to natural radiation up to the time his children were conceived. With that much exposure, the risk of a child deriving a genetic defect is one chance in 25,000; their normal risk is 3%, due to spontaneous mutations, so there is only once chance in a thousand that their genetic problems were due to their father's job-related radiation exposure. Incidentally, the New York Times Magazine ran a story featuring these same babies, complete with pictures, and giving the reader every reason to believe that their genetic problem resulted from their father's radiation exposure.

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Before it’s Too Late: A Scientist’s Case for Nuclear Energy by Bernard L. Cohen (auth.)

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