Read e-book online Basic Ideas and Concepts in Nuclear Physics - An Intro. PDF

By K. Heyde

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Such p o s s i b i l i t i e s as the deutschmark, pound sterling, or yen, come to mind. But, within any single accounting system, the amount of currency going out, amount of currency being received, and amount on hand, must balance. The system w i l l not balance if different currencies are used unless the currencies are converted to a base currency by means of compatible exchange rates. Thus, the need for a single base currency as dollars. This simple analogy, also applies for safeguards accounta b i l i t y systems.

4 D e c i s i o n A n a l y s i s f o r N u c l e a r Safeguards JAMES P. O. Box 1663, Los Alamos, NM 87545 Materials accounting for safeguarding special nuclear mater i a l s (SNM) usually brings to mind instrumentation and measurement techniques for obtaining information on SNM locations and amounts. The emphasis frequently is on data collection, a broad, highly developed f i e l d that includes instrument design and the specification and operation of complete measurement systems (see Refs. 1,2,3,4,5 and the references therein).

1) where M(k+1) i s the m a t e r i a l imbalance a t time k+1 caused by measurement e r r o r s , unmeasured SNM, and d i v e r s i o n . The q u a n t i t y M(k+1), c a l l e d the k+lst m a t e r i a l balance, can be determined from d i r e c t l y measurable q u a n t i t i e s by i n v e r t i n g Eq. 1: M(k+1) = - I(k+1) + I(k) + T(k) . } i s a s t o c h a s t i c process having p r o b a b i l i s t i c propert i e s dependent on the inventory and t r a n s f e r measurements. For example, i f the measurement e r r o r s are unbiased, then each M ( i ) has a mean value equal to the amount o f missing (or extra) mater i a l at each time i .

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Basic Ideas and Concepts in Nuclear Physics - An Intro. Approach by K. Heyde


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