By Rita Liljestrom
What are the longer term clients of the fashionable relations? for a very long time the typical snapshot within the West has been to work out the extended family, which includes economically self sufficient spouses and their youngsters, because the average consequence of the modernization approach. because the hierarchies of patriarchal society vanish, a social order in accordance with equivalent and self sufficient contributors prepared for self-realisation has been assumed. besides the fact that, excessive charges of divorce, usually mentioned family violence, young ones left on their lonesome at an early age, don't harmonize rather well with this idealized picture. severe research of relatives order in nations on the contrary edges of the ecu continent - Turkey and Sweden - techniques those difficulties and makes an attempt to create a extra real looking photograph of relatives lifestyles within the smooth global.
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Extra info for Autonomy and Dependence in the Family: Turkey and Sweden in Critical Perspective
Al. 1993, p. 37). This is again typical of the greater “interpersonal distance” of the individualistic “separated” self. Most young people live with their family of origin till marriage in Turkey. In Sweden young people leave their family of origin to live on their own or to cohabit before they marry; some never marry. Marriage rates are much higher in Turkey than in Sweden. 3 Though higher than in some other Western European countries, such as Italy, France, and Germany, Sweden’s birth rate is half that of Turkey.
Thus, the Family Model of Emotional Interdependence, which satisfies both, may be seen to be a more healthy model. A question may be raised as to the possibility of a family model entailing apparently conflicting tendencies, such as dependency and autonomy (relatedness and agency). Indeed, these two needs are often seen to be mutually exclusive, as, for example, by the existential psychology. The common assumption is that to develop agency, one must be separate from others, as claimed, for example, by the “separation-individuation” hypothesis (Mahler, Pine and Bergman 1975) and family systems theory (Minuchin 1974).
There was, of course, no correspondence to this in the male population. It was an odd situation, which was destined to last for about sixty years. There were different reactions from the women. From the 1880s, when they began to organize, their associations fought against the grotesque division between married and unmarried women, and claimed majority status for MARRIED AND DEGRADED TO LEGAL MINORITY 43 the wives. But there were also women who defended the status quo, pointing to the sanctity of the marriage bond (Kyle 1987).
Autonomy and Dependence in the Family: Turkey and Sweden in Critical Perspective by Rita Liljestrom