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Extra info for Antineutrino Detection for Monitoring Nuclear Explosions
21-22. GSeismologists have incorrectly classified nuclear explosive tests as earthquakesbefore. See S. Arora and T. r,no. 109,1984, pp. 241-251. Tw J HamOn, ~~seis~c Verification of a comprehensive Test Ban;’ Science, VOL 227, No. 4684 J~u~ 18, ;985, pp. 251-257. u-to&o. edulkm3, op. cit. h~. 10Pulsed reactors could produce weak antineutrinobursts with a variety of time scales. 11Other detection methods, which rely on radiochemical conversion of nuclei by neutrinos, have cycle times thatare too slow to be useful for detecting fission explosions in real time.
GadoIinium is too expensive (- $100 per gram) to be feasible for large arrays, but detectors using chlorine salts would be less expensive. 5 tons of salt through a 1000 ton active medium (heavy water). If dopants can be used, detection of 1 kt tests at the 100 km range up to about 1000 km is limited primarily by three engineering obstacles. First, the cost of photomultiplier tubes is now around several hundred to a few thousand dollars per tube, while the number of tubes required for remote detection ranges from several hundred thousand to several billion or more.
Yamaguchi, op. , p. 77. — ,-. ,,. .. - .... ,, ,,, > —--- .
Antineutrino Detection for Monitoring Nuclear Explosions