By Anthony Good
Even supposing asylum has generated exceptional degrees of public and political hindrance during the last decade, there was astonishingly little box examine at the subject. this can be a examine of the criminal strategy of claiming asylum from an anthropological standpoint, concentrating on the function of specialist proof from 'country specialists' equivalent to anthropologists. It describes how such facts is utilized in checks of asylum claims by way of the house place of work and by means of adjudicators and tribunals listening to asylum appeals. It compares makes use of of social clinical and scientific facts in criminal decision-making and analyzes, anthropologically, the felony makes use of of key recommendations from the 1951 Refugee conference, reminiscent of 'race', 'religion', and 'social group'. The proof is drawn from box remark of greater than three hundred attraction hearings in London and Glasgow; from mentioned case legislations and from interviews with immigration adjudicators, tribunal chairs, barristers and solicitors, in addition to professional witnesses.
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Extra resources for Anthropology and Expertise in the Asylum Courts (Glasshouse)
Of entitlement, of facts and truth’ (1990: 112). Her concern is almost entirely with how discourses are used by lay litigants rather than legal practitioners. Thus, her legal discourse ‘does not refer to particular laws or legal doctrines but to folk understandings of legal relations and procedures’ (1990: 112–13; italics added). Finally, ‘therapeutic discourse’ portrays delinquent behaviour as environmentally or socially caused, rather than the result of individual fault. This discourse is ‘drawn from the helping professions’ (1990: 114), but again her focus is on uses of such notions by ordinary litigants rather than professionals.
The Oﬃce of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the international body responsible for assisting refugees, estimated that the worldwide ‘population of concern to UNHCR’ was just over 17 million at 1 January 2004. 1 shows the numbers and locations of refugees, asylum applicants, and IDPs on that date. These totals exclude those returning home within the preceding 12 months, although UNHCR retains an interest in them too. 2 lists some of the main Western countries in which asylum was sought during 2002, and the ﬁve most common countries of origin of applicants in each case.
3 BACKGROUND TO THE RESEARCH In 1993, the Immigration Law Practitioners’ Association began producing directories (ILPA 1993, 1997) listing anthropologists and other ‘country experts’ able to provide background reports on applications for refugee status in the UK. My own entry, for example, indicated that my primary expertise was on Tamil Nadu in south India, involving lengthy ﬁeldwork, shorter visits, and consultancies, from 1972 onwards. My knowledge of Sri Lanka was secondary as far as my direct research went.
Anthropology and Expertise in the Asylum Courts (Glasshouse) by Anthony Good