By Arran Stibbe
Animals are disappearing, vanishing, and loss of life out—not simply within the actual feel of turning into extinct, yet within the experience of being erased from our awareness. more and more, interactions with animals ensue at a eliminate: mediated through nature courses, books, and cartoons; framed by way of the enclosures of zoos and aquariums; distanced via the museum circumstances that show dead our bodies. during this thought-provoking e-book, Arran Stibbe takes us on a trip of discovery, revealing the various ways that language impacts our relations with animals and the flora and fauna. Animal-product manuals, institution textbooks, ecological reviews, media assurance of environmental matters, and animal-rights polemics all generally painting animals as inanimate items or passive sufferers. In his look for a substitute for those damaging varieties of discourse, Stibbe turns to the conventional tradition of Japan. inside of Zen philosophy, haiku poetry, or even modern children’s lively motion pictures, animals look as lively brokers, top their very own lives for his or her personal reasons, and of price in themselves.
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Extra info for Animals Erased: Discourse, Ecology, and Reconnection with the Natural World
Chilton and Schäffner (1997: 226) provide an explicit methodology for cda, aimed at “interpretively linking linguistic details . . ” The methodology they present echoes that of Fairclough (1992b, 1989) in focusing on the analysis of linguistic features such as vocabulary, grammar, textual structures, and punctuation in order to reveal hidden ideological assumptions on which discourse is based. ” Clearly, in this case, the commonsense assumptions are sustaining power inequalities at the expense of animals, but given the ecologically destructive nature of intensive farming and the many ways that humans depend on other animals for our continuing survival, discourses that condone inhumane or destructive practices toward animals have an ultimate impact on humans too.
The common way of referring to animals as “it” rather than “him” or “her” can objectify them when used in certain contexts. Objects can be “bought,” “sold,” and “owned,” a lexical set used routinely in everyday conversation when talking about animals. This reveals the “commonsense” assumption that animals are property. It is semantically deviant to talk about someone “owning” another human, unless the term is used metaphorically, where it refers to immoral and unfair domination. Spender’s (1998) book Man Made Language shows how general discourse, evolving in a male-oriented society, both reflects and reproduces bias against women.
The word “damage” is used rather than “injury” (pih 2002: 8); piglets are “processed” (tails cut off, teeth cut, ears cut, castrated) (pih 2002: 18); boars are “used” (pih 2002: 83) and sows are talked about in terms of “volume slaughtered” rather than number slaughtered (pih 2002: 132). In another form of objectification, there are cases in the pih where the distinction between living animals and meat products becomes blurred. ” The damaged meat has to be trimmed. (pih 2002: 116) • Choosing a meaty, lean herd sire will probably do more to improve carcass leanness than will altering various environmental aspects.
Animals Erased: Discourse, Ecology, and Reconnection with the Natural World by Arran Stibbe