By Prods Oktor Skjærvø
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Extra resources for An introduction to Old Persian
43 July 31, 2005 LESSON 5 c. objective genitive (“a commander of many” < “he commands many [dir. ]”). ” (cf. DE 1-11) 2. The second main function of the genitive is “partitive,” which survives in OPers. in a. expressions such as “king of kings,” “greatest of gods,” “one among many”: adam D˝rayavauπ xπ˝yaƒiya vaza≥rka xπ˝yaƒiya xπ˝yaƒiy˝n˝m “I am Darius, great king, king of kings” ƒ˝tiy D˝rayavauπ xπ˝yaƒiya VIII man˝ taum˝y˝ tayaiy paruvam xπ˝yaƒiy˝ ˝ha adam navama “King Darius announces: ‘Eight of my family were kings before.
VERBS. THE IMPERFECT. The imperfect is characterized by the “augment,” an a- that is preﬁxed to the stem. If the verb has a preverb, the augment comes between the preverb and the stem. The augment contracts with a preceding or following a or ˝. 92 ham˝[t]axπat˝) beside hamataxπa-. The present stem ha≥πta-, hiπta- “stand” has imperfect stem aiπta-, with loss of the h. As we see, initial ˝- in the imperfect can be from both a + a- and a + ˝-. In cases such as ˝iπ and ˝yant˝ “he/they came” it is therefore impossible to determine on the basis of the form whether they are from ay- or ˝y- (< ˝-ay-).
Appositions to words in the loc. are in the loc. ). 19 Cf. pita . B–Translate into Old Persian: Greatest among the Babylonians was Nebuchadrezzar. He was king in Babylon. Cyrus was king both in Persia, Media, and Babylonia. He was the greatest of kings, he was the foremost among Persians. Cyrus went to Babylon. They fought a battle there. He took the power from their king. The men who were the king’s followers, those he seized. The one who was the greatest of them, him he killed. Afterward his empire was safe.
An introduction to Old Persian by Prods Oktor Skjærvø