By Geoffrey J. Martin
Up-to-date and revised to incorporate theoretical and different advancements, bibliographical additions, new images and illustrations, and multiplied identify and topic indexes, the fourth version of All attainable Worlds: A historical past of Geographical Ideas is the main entire and entire e-book of its sort. The textual content additionally contains a format and clarity that make the fabric effortless to navigate and understand.
The e-book investigates the ways that the topic of geography has been well-known, perceived, and evaluated, from its early acknowledgment in historic Greece to its disciplined shape in contemporary global of shared rules and mass verbal exchange. powerful continuities knit the Classical interval to the Age of Exploration, then hold scholars on via Varenius to Humboldt and Ritter--revealing the emergence of "the new geography" of the fashionable Period.
The heritage of yankee geography--developed in seven of the twenty chapters--is strongly emphasised pursuant to the formal origins of geography in overdue nineteenth-century Germany, Darwin's concept of evolution, and the nice Surveys of the yank West. This remedy is improved through chapters touching on parallel histories of geography in Germany, France, nice Britain, Russia (including the USSR and CIS), Canada, Sweden, and Japan-countries that in the first place contributed to and later borrowed from the physique folks geographical thought.
All attainable Worlds: A historical past of Geographical Ideas, Fourth variation, is perfect for upper-level undergraduate or graduate classes within the background and philosophy of classical, medieval, and sleek geographical thought.
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Extra resources for All Possible Worlds: A History of Geographical Ideas
1959. The Ancient M ariners.. . New York: Macmillan. 38 / CLASSICAL Casson, Lionel. 1989. The Periplus Maris Erythraei. : Princeton University Press. Clarke, Katherine. 1999. Between Geography and, History: Hellenistic Constructions o f the Roman World. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Dueek, Daniela. 2000. Strabo o f Amasia: A. Greek Man o f Letters in Augustan Rome. London: Routlege. Gallois, Lucien. 1901. ” Congres national des Societes frangaises de geographie, 21st session, Paris, August 20-24,1900, Comptes rendus.
A third way is to tell what caused the process through which the thing became as it is. And a fourth way, which is complemen tary to the third, is to tell the purpose the thing fulfills. Unlike Plato, Aristotle assumed that things were in process of physical change leading to a final perfect state. This 26 / CLASSICAL model for scientific explanation constituted the Western world’s first paradigm for the guidance of scholars. ), who a century earlier had improved on the single-substance idea of Thales (water) by postulating the exist ence of four basic substances: earth, water, fire, and air.
Physician, who, among many other writings attributed to him, produced the world’s first medical geography. In his book On Airs, Waters, and Places, he was the first to present the concept of environmental influence on human character. There was Theophrastus, who succeeded Aristotle as head of the Lyceum and was its director for 35 years. He wrote a prodigious number of books on a wide range of subjects, including meteorology, petrography, ethics, and religion. He is known as the father of plant geography because he described and classified more than 500 species of cultivated plants.
All Possible Worlds: A History of Geographical Ideas by Geoffrey J. Martin