By A. Carl LeVan
Africa is altering and you'll put out of your mind how decentralization, democratization, and new sorts of illiberalism have remodeled federalism, political events, and native politics. Chapters on Kenya, Nigeria, Ethiopia, and South Africa aid fill a tremendous hole in comparative institutional study approximately country and native politics in Africa.
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Extra resources for African State Governance: Subnational Politics and National Power
Democratization in Africa: Progress and Retreat, 103–120. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press. Brownlee, J. 2007. Authoritarianism in an Age of Democratization. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press. , Leben, N. and Lo-Lujo, O. Y. 2013. From a Transitional to a Permanent Constitution: View of Men and Women in South Sudan on Constitution-Making. Washington, DC: National Democratic Institute for International Affairs. , Eisenstadt, T. and Hindley, J. ) 1999. -Mexico Contemporary Perspectives Series.
Creating appropriate processes for the reform or adjustment of intergovernmental resource revenue sharing arrangements in response to changing political and economic dynamics. These six issues have featured to varying degrees in debates about decentralization and oil revenue management not only in the established oil-producing state of Nigeria, but also in the emerging oil-producing countries of Ghana and Kenya. These three countries share certain features that make a discussion of their experiences potentially insightful.
Second, although the overwhelming dependence of the subnational governments on federal transfers means that the states have weak incentives for ﬁscal responsibility and self-sufﬁciency, the ‘federal government does not have a natural instrument’ to bail out ‘poorly performing states’ (World Bank 2013a, 29). The soft-budget constraints inherent in the overwhelming dependence of subnational governments on federal transfers and the federal government’s practice of guaranteeing and servicing subnational debt through Federation Account allocations are, therefore, moderated by the hard-budget constraints arising from the inability of the federal government to compensate states for any ﬁscal mismanagement or difﬁculties.
African State Governance: Subnational Politics and National Power by A. Carl LeVan