By Jane Hathaway
This revisionist learn reevaluates the origins and starting place myths of the Faqaris and Qasimis, rival factions that divided Egyptian society throughout the 17th and eighteenth centuries, whilst Egypt used to be the biggest province within the Ottoman Empire. In solution to the long-lasting secret surrounding the factions’ origins, Jane Hathaway areas their emergence in the generalized main issue that the Ottoman Empire—like a lot of the remainder of the world—suffered through the early smooth interval, whereas uncovering a symbiosis among Ottoman Egypt and Yemen that was once serious to their formation. additionally, she scrutinizes the factions’ starting place myths, deconstructing their tropes and logos to bare their connections to a lot older well known narratives. Drawing on parallels from a wide range of cultures, she demonstrates with remarkable originality how rituals comparable to storytelling and public processions, in addition to deciding upon shades and symbols, may serve to enhance factional id.
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Extra info for A Tale of Two Factions: Myth, Memory, and Identity in Ottoman Egypt and Yemen
1755): In his [Baltacı Hasan Pasha, governor of Egypt 1687–88] days, the administration (dawla) of Egypt was in two factions (farqatayn): Sa˜d and Haram, Tubba˜i and Kulaybi, [Husayni] and Yazidi. The Husayni’s banner was white, and the Yazidi’s banner was red. ] and Qaysi. We used to recognize Sa˜d and Haram from processions: the Sa˜d’s knob had a circular metal plate, and the Nisf Haram’s javelins had a metal plate without a knob. . 4 1 Bilateral Factionalism in Ottoman Egypt What makes a faction more than a group, a sect, or a household?
However, a series of disasters led to a wave of northward migrations of Yemeni Arabs. The late rulers of the ancient Himyarite kingdom of northern Yemen converted to Judaism in the early centuries of the Common Era and began persecuting their Christian subjects, many of whom had converted under Ethiopian influence. 36 Cumulatively, these disasters put an end to Yemen’s preeminence as the Arabian peninsula’s center of commerce and high culture. The initiative now passed to the bedouin tribes farther north in the peninsula.
52 This fraternal struggle arguably served as a point of reference for parallel fraternal struggles anywhere in the Islamic realm. For its part, the origin myth transmitted by Ahmed Çelebi and alJabarti exhibits a pattern that, on the surface, bears greater similarity to the circumstances of the ˜Abbasid civil war. In this myth, Dhu’lFaqar and Qasim are two sons of a Mamluk emir named Sudun. )53 Following his conquest of Egypt in 1517, the Ottoman sultan Selim I (r. 1512–20) learns that Sudun has sequestered himself from the fighting and prevented his sons from participating by chaining them up in two specially built enclosures.
A Tale of Two Factions: Myth, Memory, and Identity in Ottoman Egypt and Yemen by Jane Hathaway