By Bernd Kortmann
With greater than a hundred unique contributions authored via broadly acclaimed experts within the box, this two-volume guide is by way of some distance the main finished reference paintings on phonology and the first-ever complete evaluate of the morphology and syntax of types of English on the planet. It covers all major nationwide common forms, specific nearby, ethnic, and social types, significant touch types, in addition to significant ESL forms. The contributions are descriptive survey articles with a typical center, which makes the instruction manual useful from cross-dialectal and cross-linguistic views. The contributions offer details at the historic and cultural backgrounds in addition to the present sociolinguistic occasions, and supply state of the art reviews on significant matters in present examine. The guide is observed through a CD-ROM offering new sound fabric for every sort in addition to interactive maps. it is also accomplished bibliographies and hyperlinks to suitable web pages. jointly, the instruction manual and the CD-ROM are an fundamental reference paintings and learn device for sociolinguists, dialectologists, phonologists, grammarians, typologists, and experts involved languages and kinds of English all over the world. Given its obtainable sort and its wealthy auditory and visible aid, this instruction manual can be perfect for undergraduate and starting graduate scholars. The editors are chargeable for the subsequent issues: * Kate Burridge/ Bernd Kortmann: Australia / Pacific Archipelagos * Bernd Kortmann: British Isles: Morphology and Syntax * Rajend Mesthrie: Africa / South and Southeast Asia * Edgar W. Schneider: The Americas / Caribbean * Clive Upton: British Isles: Phonology
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Additional resources for A handbook of varieties of English / CD-ROM. Varieties of English
1971 The English Language in West Africa. ) London: Longman. Thomas, Erik R. 2001 An Acoustic Analysis of Vowel Variation in New World English. ) Durham: Duke University Press. Thomason, Sarah G. 2001 Contact Languages. Edinburgh: University of Edinburgh Press. Thomason, Sarah G. and Terrence Kaufman 1988 Language Contact, Creolization and Genetic Linguistics. Berkeley: University of California Press. C. ) 1998 The Celtic Englishes. ) Heidelberg: Winter. 2000 The Celtic Englishes II. ) Heidelberg: Winter.
1997 The Structure and Status of Pidgins and Creoles. Including Selected Papers from the Meetings of the Society for Pidgin and Creole Linguistics. ) Amsterdam/Philadelphia: Benjamins. ) 1971 The English Language in West Africa. ) London: Longman. Thomas, Erik R. 2001 An Acoustic Analysis of Vowel Variation in New World English. ) Durham: Duke University Press. Thomason, Sarah G. 2001 Contact Languages. Edinburgh: University of Edinburgh Press. Thomason, Sarah G. and Terrence Kaufman 1988 Language Contact, Creolization and Genetic Linguistics.
Owing to the scarcity of written sources we have neither a complete documentation of the structure of the Norn language nor of the rate and character of the process of change. There is an ongoing, heated debate considering the actual demise of Norn (Barnes vs. Rendboe), where a group of “Nornomaniacs” (cf. Waugh 1996) argue that it lived on at least until the end of the 19th century in Shetland. What real evidence there is, however, suggests that in both Orkney and Shetland it died out no later than the second half of the 18th century.
A handbook of varieties of English / CD-ROM. Varieties of English by Bernd Kortmann