By Pet, Willem J. A.
Arawak (Lokono Dian), an Amerindian language within the Arawakan language relations, is comparatively undescribed. the aim of this learn is to offer a basic, bottom-up caricature of Arawak. It begins with reviews at the phonology, then discusses morphology and syntax, and ends with reviews approximately discourse.
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Extra info for A grammar sketch and lexicon of Arawak (Lokono Dian)
E. 3 Interactions of Stem Forms and Tense/Aspect Suffixes The morphological differences between the three stem forms of event verbs is not manifested in many of their occurrences. OBJ’, -fa ‘FUT’, and -(n)bia ‘INCH’. In all other circumstances, the basic-stem form also appears with an a. For example, the morphological difference between simakyn ‘to call (someone)’ and simakan ‘to yell or cry out’ is lost when the present continuative suffix -bo is added. Thus one finds: (51) a. Da-simaka-bo no.
CONT -fa FUT -(n)bia INCH -› PAST Figure 8. Stative Verb Structure The meanings of the verb affixes when they are applied to stative verbs are much the same as their meanings when applied to event verbs (see Figure 7). There are some subtle differences due to the interactions between the tense and aspect components of the suffixes and the semantics of stative verbs. These differences are discussed in Chapter 5. 4 Verbs 41 Some examples of clauses with stative verbs using some of the various affixes are as follows: (91) a.
CONT’ ‘INCH’ ‘PAST’ present continuative perfect future past continuative inchoative simple past The suffixes in this class are analyzed in more detail in Chapter 5 and consequently are dealt with only briefly here. The meanings in (65) for the suffixes apply to their use in isolated utterances. They all represent combinations of tense and aspect, and the tense component of their meanings is actually what Comrie (1985) calls “relative tense” (see Chapter 5). This implies that their temporal reference is affected by the discourse context in which they are found.
A grammar sketch and lexicon of Arawak (Lokono Dian) by Pet, Willem J. A.