By J. E. Cirlot
At each degree of civilization, humans have trusted symbolic expression, and advances in technology and know-how have basically elevated our dependence on symbols. a vital a part of the traditional arts of the Orient and Western medieval traditions, symbolism underwent a twentieth-century revival with the research of the subconscious. certainly, symbolic language is taken into account a technology, and this informative quantity bargains an vital device within the learn of symbology. Its alphabetical entries--drawn from a various diversity of assets, together with all the significant international religions, astrology, alchemy, numerology, heraldry, and prehistoric art--clarify the basic and unvarying meanings of every image. even if used as a reference or browsed for excitement, this informative quantity deals a worthy key to elucidating the symbolic worlds encountered in either the humanities and the background of rules. 32 b/w illustrations.
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Additional resources for A Dictionary of Symbols
This rhythm is fundamentally a movement resulting from a certain vitality or from a given ‘number’. It shows itself as a characteristic expression or formal crystallization. Thus, between the live snake, with its sinuous movement, and the snake appearing in inanimate relief, there may be an analogy which is not only formal (in the design, disposition, or in the specific shape of the animal) but also rhythmic—that is, of tone, of modality, of accent, and of expression. Martin Buber, in his study of natural, primitive poetry, points out that Man—whether it be megalithic Man, our contemporary Primitive, or ‘romantic’ Man seeking natural spontaneity in his relations with the cosmos—’does not think about the moon as such, which he sees every night; for what he retains is not the image of a wandering, luminous disc, nor that of an associated demonic being, but that of the immediate emotive image, the lunar fluid flowing through bodies’ (quoted by Gaston Bachelard, 2).
The great themes of death and resurrection, related respectively with the cycle of involution (progressive materialization) and evolution (spiritualization or the return to the point of origin), gave rise to many myths and legends. The struggle to come to grips with truth and the spiritual centre appears in the form of battles and trials of strength, while those instincts which shackle Man and hold him down appear as monsters. According to Diel, ‘the symbols most typical of the spirit and of intuition are the sun and the sunlit sky; those of the imagination and the darker side of the unconscious, are the moon and night.
The dead wives which she encounters in defying his orders are the wives whom he has once loved, that is, who are now dead to his love. Jung emphasizes the twofold value of psychological interpretation; it has thrown new light upon dreams, daydreams, fantasies and works of art, while on the other hand it provides confirmation of the collective character of myths and legends (31). He also points out that there are two aspects of the xlvii P S Y C H O L O G I C A L I N T E R P R E TAT I O N interpretation of the unconscious: what the symbol represents in itself (objective interpretation), and what it signifies as a projection or as an individualized ‘case’ (subjective interpretation).
A Dictionary of Symbols by J. E. Cirlot